くすりのしおり

Internal
Revised: 1/2016

The information on this sheet is based on approvals granted by the Japanese regulatory authority. Approval details may vary by country. Medicines have adverse reactions (risks) as well as efficacies (benefits). It is important to minimize adverse reactions and maximize efficacy. To obtain a better therapeutic response, patients should understand their medication and cooperate with the treatment.
Brand name :
ACARBOSE Tablets 50mg "SAWAI"
 Active ingredient:
Acarbose
 Dosage form:
white to pale yellow tablet, diameter: 7.0 mm, thickness: 3.2 mm
 Print on wrapping:
アカルボース 50mg「サワイ」, SW-AB50, 糖尿病用剤, 食直前に服用, Acarbose「SAWAI」50

Effects of this medicine

This medicine delays digestion/absorption of carbohydrate by suppressing the action of digestive enzymes that degrades carbohydrate, thereby suppressing rapid increases in blood glucose levels after meals.
It is usually used to improve postprandial hyperglycemia in diabetes.

Before using this medicine, be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist

  • If you have previously experienced any allergic reactions (itch, rash, etc.) to any medicines.
    If you have ketosis (deep massive breath, loss of consciousness, shivering of hands, etc.), diabetic coma or precoma, infections or external injury.
    If you are in the pre-/post-operative period.
  • If you are pregnant, breastfeeding or possibly pregnant.
  • If you are taking any other medicinal products. (Some medicines may interact to enhance or diminish medicinal effects. Beware of over-the-counter medicines and dietary supplements as well as other prescription medicines.)

Dosing schedule (How to take this medicine)

  • Your dosing schedule prescribed by your doctor is ((        to be written by a healthcare professional))
  • In general, for adults, take 2 tablets (100 mg of the active ingredient) at a time, three times a day immediately before each meal. Start with 1 tablet (50 mg) at a time. After tolerability is confirmed, the dose may be increased to 2 tablets (100 mg) at a time, but the dosage may be adjusted according to the age or symptoms. Strictly follow the instructions.
  • If you miss a dose, take the missed dose during a meal. However, if you have already finished the meal, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule (immediately before meals). You should never take two doses at one time.
  • If you accidentally take more than your prescribed dose, consult with your doctor or pharmacist.
  • Do not stop taking this medicine unless your doctor instructs you to do so.

Precautions while taking this medicine

  • Strictly follow the instructions on dietary/exercise therapy.
  • This medicine may cause hypoglycemic symptoms (lassitude, a strong sense of hunger, cold sweat, palpitation, shivering of limbs, decreased consciousness, etc.). If hypoglycemic symptoms are noted, take glucose.
  • This medicine may cause hypoglycemic symptoms. Pay close attention when working at heights or operating dangerous machinery, such as driving a car.

Possible adverse reactions to this medicine

The most commonly reported adverse reactions include abdominal bloating/flatulence (distention caused by retention of gas in the stomach), increased flatus, rash and itch. If any of these symptoms occur, consult with your doctor or pharmacist.
The symptoms described below are rarely seen as initial symptoms of the adverse reactions indicated in brackets. If any of these symptoms occur, stop taking this medicine and see your doctor immediately.
  • lassitude, a strong sense of hunger, cold sweat [hypoglycemia]
  • abdominal bloating/flatulence (distention caused by retention of gas in the stomach), persistent abdominal pain, vomiting [intestinal obstruction]
  • general malaise, loss of appetite, yellow discoloration of the skin and white of the eyes [liver dysfunction, jaundice]
The above symptoms do not describe all the adverse reactions to this medicine. Consult with your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any symptoms of concern other than those listed above.

Storage conditions and other information

  • Keep out of the reach of children. Store away from direct sunlight, heat and moisture.
  • Discard the remainder. Do not store them.

For healthcare professional use only : Day Month Year

For further information, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

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