くすりのしおり

Internal
Revised: 1/2020

The information on this sheet is based on approvals granted by the Japanese regulatory authority. Approval details may vary by country. Medicines have adverse reactions (risks) as well as efficacies (benefits). It is important to minimize adverse reactions and maximize efficacy. To obtain a better therapeutic response, patients should understand their medication and cooperate with the treatment.
Brand name :
NOVAMIN Tablets 5mg
 Active ingredient:
Prochlorperazine maleate
 Dosage form:
pale yellowish white tablet, diameter: 5.0 mm, thickness: 2.3 mm
 Print on wrapping:
(Face) ノバミン 5mg,(Back) NOVAMIN 5mg ノバミン 5mg KW NVM 5

Effects of this medicine

This medicine blocks the receptors of neurotransmitters (mainly dopamine) in brain, thereby stabilizing mental status such as hallucinations, delusion, integration disorder of concept, manic states, serious anxiety and nervousness, and improving nausea and vomiting.
It is usually used for the treatment of schizophrenia, pre- and postoperative nausea and vomiting.

Before using this medicine, be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist

  • If you have previously experienced any allergic reactions (itch, rash, etc.) to any medicines.
    If you have brain disorder (encephalitis, brain tumor, aftereffects following head injury, etc.).
  • If you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • If you are taking any other medicinal products. (Some medicines may interact to enhance or diminish medicinal effects. Beware of over-the-counter medicines and dietary supplements as well as other prescription medicines.)

Dosing schedule (How to take this medicine)

  • Your dosing schedule prescribed by your doctor is ((        to be written by a healthcare professional))
  • Field of psychiatry: In general, for adults, take 3 to 9 tablets (15 to 45 mg as prochlorperazine) daily in several divided doses.
    In other cases: In general, for adults, take 1 to 4 tablets (5 to 20 mg as prochlorperazine) daily in several divided doses.
    In each case, the dosage may be adjusted according to your disease, age and symptoms. Strictly follow the instructions.
  • If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is close to your next dose, skip the missed dose. You should never take two doses at one time.
  • If you accidentally take more than your prescribed dose, consult with your doctor or pharmacist.
  • Do not stop taking this medicine unless your doctor instructs you to do so.

Precautions while taking this medicine

  • Since this medicine may cause drowsiness or decreased attention and concentration, avoid driving a car or operating dangerous machinery.
  • Alcohol may enhance the effects or the adverse reactions of this medicine.
  • Since contacts with an organophosphate insecticide may enhance its toxicity, take care not to make contact with it.
  • If you are breastfeeding, avoid breastfeeding while taking this medicine.

Possible adverse reactions to this medicine

The most commonly reported adverse reactions include hypersensitive symptoms, photosensitivity (exaggerated sunburn caused by sunlight, itch, pigmentation), parkinsonian syndrome [finger shivering (tremor in hands), muscle rigidity (muscle stiffness)], dyskinesia (involuntary movements around the mouth), dystonia [involuntary body movements (body movements against ones will), muscle tone abnormality] and akathisia [hyperkinesia (inability to keep still), feeling itchy in the lower limbs]. If any of these symptoms occur, consult with your doctor or pharmacist.
The symptoms described below are rarely seen as initial symptoms of the adverse reactions indicated in brackets. If any of these symptoms occur, stop taking this medicine and see your doctor immediately.
  • muscle stiffness, increased pulse, fever  [syndrome malin (neuroleptic malignant syndrome)]
  • dizziness, loss of consciousness, lassitude  [sudden death]
  • palpitation and/or shortness of breath, fever, pain in throat  [aplastic anemia, agranulocytosis, decreased white blood cells]
  • constipation, feeling of fullness in abdomen, severe pain in abdomen  [paralytic ileus]
  • moving a tongue and sliding it in and out of a mouth, movement of a mouth like chewing continuously  [tardive dyskinesia]
The above symptoms do not describe all the adverse reactions to this medicine. Consult with your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any symptoms of concern other than those listed above.

Storage conditions and other information

  • Keep the medicine out of the reach of infants and children. Store it at room temperature (1 to 30 degrees Celsius) away from light and moisture.
  • Discard the remainder. Do not store them.

For healthcare professional use only : Day Month Year

For further information, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

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